Instructions for Authors

Contributors are invited to submit their articles in English to the Editor for critical peer review. The Journal of Sport and Social Sciences (JSSS) considers for publication papers in the categories of:
- Original Research,
- Review Article.

The articles must be in one of the following sub-disciplines relating generally; sport sociology, physical education, teaching, sport psychology, leisure time. Papers that accept a multi-disciplinary, inter-disciplinary or comparative approach are also welcome. It is expected that most of the papers that are published in the journal will be based on qualitative-quantitative or mixed-method research.

Authors must declare that articles submitted to the Journal have not been published elsewhere or are not being considered for publication elsewhere and that the research reported will not be submitted for publication elsewhere until a final decision has been made as to its acceptability by the Journal.

PLEASE NOTE that manuscripts will NOT be assigned for peer review until they are formatted as outlined in the Guide for Authors. In particular:
- Ensure that English is of good standard
- Ensure Ethics Committee details are as complete as possible
- Ensure all headings and subheadings conform to the Guide for Authors
- References, both in-text and reference list, must be formatted according to the Guide for Authors
- Provide the Figure Legends as part of the text file, at the end of the manuscript
- Include Acknowledgements – this is mandatory

The review process will consist of reviews by at least two independent reviewers. The reviewers will be blinded to the authorship of the manuscript. The Editor will make a final decision about the manuscript, based on consideration of the reviewers' comments.

The journal receives an ever-increasing number of submissions and unfortunately can only publish a small proportion of manuscripts. The journal's Editorial Board does not enter into negotiations once a decision on a manuscript has been made. The Editor's decision is final.

Papers accepted for publication become the copyright of TJSS. Authors will be asked to sign a transfer of copyright form, on receipt of the accepted manuscript by TJSS. This enables the publisher to administer copyright on behalf of the authors and the society, while allowing the continued use of the material by the author for scholarly communication.

- Microsoft Word is the preferred software program. Use Arial or Times New Roman font, size twelve (12) point.
- Manuscript is double-spaced throughout (including title page, abstract, text, references, tables, and figures). 
- Margins are 1 inch or 2.5 cm all around
- Include page and line numbers for the convenience of the peer reviewers. 
- Number the pages consecutively, beginning with the title page as page 1 .
- All headings (including the Title) should be in sentence-case only, not in capital letters.
- Keep the use of tables, figures and graphs to a minimum.
- See notes on Tables, Figures, Formulae and Scientific Terminology at the end.

Original Research papers
- 4000 word count limit (excluding title, abstract, tables/figures, Acknowledgements, and References)
- Maximum number of references is 50
- A structured abstract of less than 300 words (not included in 4000 word count) should be included with the following headings: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusion.

Review articles and Meta-Analysis
- 5000 word count limit (excluding title, abstract, tables/figures, figure legends, Acknowledgements, and References)
- Maximum number of references is 80
- A structured abstract of less than 400 words (not included in 5000 word count) should be included sticking as closely as possible to the following headings: Introduction, Method, Results, and Conclusions


1. Title Page (first page) should contain:
a. Title. Short and informative
b. Authors. List all authors by first name, all initials and family name
c. Institution and affiliations. List the name and full address of all institutions.
d. Corresponding author. Provide the name and e-mail address of the author to whom communications, proofs and requests for reprints should be sent.
e. Word count (excluding abstract and references), the Abstract word count, the number of Tables, the number of Figures.

2. Manuscript (excluding all author details) should contain: (in order)

a. Abstract - must be structured using the following sub-headings: Objectives, Materials and Methods, Results, and Conclusions. 

b. Keywords - provide up to 5 keywords, with at least 3 selected via the Index Medicus Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) browser list: These keywords should not reproduce words used in the paper title.

c. Main body of the text.

For Original Research papers, text should be organised as follows:

1) Introduction - describing the (purpose of the study with a brief review of background

2) Methods - described in detail. Include details of the Ethics Committee approval obtained for Human investigation, and the ethical guidelines followed by the investigators. 

3) Results - concisely reported in tables and figures, with brief text descriptions. Do not include subheadings. Measurements and weights should be given in standard metric units. Do not replicate material that is in the tables or figures in the text.

4) Discussion - concise interpretation of results. Cite references, illustrations and tables in numeric order by order of mention in the text.

5) Conclusion

6) Acknowledgments - this section is compulsory. Grants, financial support and technical or other assistance are acknowledged at the end of the text before the references. All financial support for the project must be acknowledged. If there has been no financial assistance with the project, this must be clearly stated.

7) References - authors are responsible for the accuracy of references. 


Authors are requested to use the APA (6th edition) citation style.


APA uses the author-date method of citation. The last name of the author and the date of publication are inserted in the text in the appropriate place.

One work by one author:

 In one developmental study (Smith, 1990), children learned... OR 
ƒ In the study by Smith (1990), primary school children... OR 
ƒ In 1990, Smith’s study of primary school children…

Works by multiple authors:

When a work has 2 authors cite both names every time you reference the work in the text. 
When a work has three to five authors cite all the author names the first time the reference 
occurs and then subsequently include only the first author followed by et al. For example: 

First citation: Masserton, Slonowski, and Slowinski (1989) state that... 
Subsequent citations: Masserton et al. (1989) state that... 

For 6 or more authors, cite only the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year.

Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation: 

Citations of two or more works in the same parentheses should be listed in the order they appear in the reference list (i.e., alphabetically, then chronologically). 

Several studies (Jones & Powell, 1993; Peterson, 1995, 1998; Smith, 1990) suggest that...


In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication information.


Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The guide to everything and then some more stuff. New York, NY: Macmillan. 

Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006). Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. 

Chapter of a Book: 

Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.), Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity (pp. 53-76). New York, NY: Greenwood. 

Journal Article with DOI: 

Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 3, 635-647. doi:10.1037/0278-6133.24.2.225 

Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available): 

Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 37(2), 1-7. 

Hamfi, A. G. (1981). The funny nature of dogs. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38 -48.

Interested in submitting to this journal? We recommend that you review the About the Journal page for the journal's section policies, as well as the Author Guidelines. Authors need to register with the journal prior to submitting or, if already registered, can simply log in and begin the five-step process.We encourage readers to sign up for the publishing notification service for this journal. Use the Register link at the top of the home page for the journal. This registration will result in the reader receiving the Table of Contents by email for each new issue of the journal. This list also allows the journal to claim a certain level of support or readership. See the journal's Privacy Statement, which assures readers that their name and email address will not be used for other purposes.We encourage research librarians to list this journal among their library's electronic journal holdings. As well, it may be worth noting that this journal's open source publishing system is suitable for libraries to host for their faculty members to use with journals they are involved in editing (see Open Journal Systems).This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.By submitting your article for publication to one of our publications, you promise that the article is your original work, has not previously been published, and is not currently under consideration by another publication. You also promise that the article does not, to the best of your knowledge, contain anything that is libellous, illegal or infringes anyone’s copyright or other rights. If the article contains material that is someone else’s copyright, you promise that you have obtained the unrestricted permission of the copyright owner to use the material and that the material is clearly identified and acknowledged in the text.The copyediting stage is intended to improve the flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting of the article. It represents the last chance for the author to make any substantial changes to the text because the next stage is restricted to typos and formatting corrections. The file to be copyedited is in Word or .rtf format and therefore can easily be edited as a word processing document. The set of instructions displayed here proposes two approaches to copyediting. One is based on Microsoft Word's Track Changes feature and requires that the copy editor, editor, and author have access to this program. A second system, which is software independent, has been borrowed, with permission, from the Harvard Educational Review. The journal editor is in a position to modify these instructions, so suggestions can be made to improve the process for this journal.

Copyediting Systems

1. Microsoft Word's Track Changes Under Tools in the menu bar, the feature Track Changes enables the copy editor to make insertions (text appears in color) and deletions (text appears crossed out in color or in the margins as deleted). The copy editor can posit queries to both the author (Author Queries) and to the editor (Editor Queries) by inserting these queries in square brackets. The copyedited version is then uploaded, and the editor is notified. The editor then reviews the text and notifies the author. The editor and author should leave those changes with which they are satisfied. If further changes are necessary, the editor and author can make changes to the initial insertions or deletions, as well as make new insertions or deletions elsewhere in the text. Authors and editors should respond to each of the queries addressed to them, with responses placed inside the square brackets. After the text has been reviewed by editor and author, the copy editor will make a final pass over the text accepting the changes in preparation for the layout and galley stage. 2. Harvard Educational Review Instructions for Making Electronic Revisions to the Manuscript Please follow the following protocol for making electronic revisions to your manuscript: Responding to suggested changes.   For each of the suggested changes that you accept, unbold the text.   For each of the suggested changes that you do not accept, re-enter the original text and bold it. Making additions and deletions.   Indicate additions by bolding the new text.   Replace deleted sections with: [deleted text].   If you delete one or more sentence, please indicate with a note, e.g., [deleted 2 sentences]Responding to Queries to the Author (QAs).   Keep all QAs intact and bolded within the text. Do not delete them.   To reply to a QA, add a comment after it. Comments should be delimited using: [Comment:]   e.g., [Comment: Expanded discussion of methodology as you suggested]Making comments.   Use comments to explain organizational changes or major revisions   e.g., [Comment: Moved the above paragraph from p. 5 to p. 7].  Note: When referring to page numbers, please use the page numbers from the printed copy of the manuscript that was sent to you. This is important since page numbers may change as a document is revised electronically.

An Illustration of an Electronic Revision

  1. Initial copyedit. The journal copy editor will edit the text to improve flow, clarity, grammar, wording, and formatting, as well as including author queries as necessary. Once the initial edit is complete, the copy editor will upload the revised document through the journal Web site and notify the author that the edited manuscript is available for review.
  2. Author copyedit. Before making dramatic departures from the structure and organization of the edited manuscript, authors must check in with the editors who are co-chairing the piece. Authors should accept/reject any changes made during the initial copyediting, as appropriate, and respond to all author queries. When finished with the revisions, authors should rename the file from AuthorNameQA.doc to AuthorNameQAR.doc (e.g., from LeeQA.doc to LeeQAR.doc) and upload the revised document through the journal Web site as directed.
  3. Final copyedit. The journal copy editor will verify changes made by the author and incorporate the responses to the author queries to create a final manuscript. When finished, the copy editor will upload the final document through the journal Web site and alert the layout editor to complete formatting.